NMT in developing and developed countries

There is a page on the Internet (here) which lists different modes of transport, grouped under the headings of:

  • Intermediate Means of Transport (IMT)
  • Non-Motorised Transport Modes (NMT)

The two lists partly contain the same modes, so they could be combined into one list. The following table does this. It also leaves out the one motorised mode referred to in the source lists, “Motorised vehicles like tractor-trailers and trucks”. The table also adds columns to suggest whether the various NMT modes of transport are in use in developed as well as in developing countries.
Table: A starter list of non-motorised transport modes

nmt 1

We could add more NMT modes to the list, as suggested by the description of non-motorised transport given by the Victoria Transport Policy Institute’s TDM encyclopedia :

Non-motorized Transportation (also known as Active Transportation and Human Powered Transportation) includes Walking and Bicycling, and variants such as Small-Wheeled Transport (skates, skateboards, push scooters and hand carts) andWheelchair travel. These modes provide both recreation (they are an end in themselves) and transportation (they provide access to goods and activities), although users may consider a particular trip to serve both objectives. For example, some people will choose to walk or bicycle rather than drive because they enjoy the activity, although it takes longer.


Non-motorised transport (NMT) is as much a part of road transport systems in countries such as the UK and Holland as it is  in countries such as Uganda and Ghana. The points being made here then are that

  • NMT must surely deserve a bigger share of attention and funding in developed countries than it gets at the moment
  • NMT should be included in any formal classification of road transport, and on a par with motorised transport at the highest level


505 – Norway, “Hiking trail classification”, Suomen Latu 2011

744 – UK, “Geometric design for pedestrian, cycle and equestrian routes”, DTp 2005


About roadnotes

Robert Bartlett is an international consultant with over 30 years of professional experience as a highway and traffic engineer with leading companies and organisations in several countries, including Germany, China (Hong Kong), Qatar and the UK. Specialised in urban studies, transport and the use of GIS, research has included new ideas on subjects such as the study of social justice using GIS, the dimensions of vehicles, and comparative geometrics (highways and transport).
This entry was posted in basics, comparative geometrics, roads, vehicles and tagged , . Bookmark the permalink.

One Response to NMT in developing and developed countries

  1. Pingback: NMT and a new transport user hierarchy | Comparative Geometrics

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