Following on from the last post I came across a document by Piet Rietvald of the Netherlands which was published in 2001. The document is called “Biking and Walking: The Position of Non-Motorised Transport Modes in Transport Systems” (ref. 2254). The immediate point of interest is that the article uses the term “NMT” mainly in relation to developed countries.
A World Bank policy note from 2013 also refers to NMT in the context of modern cities. The document, “Urban design manual for non-motorized transport friendly neighbourhoods” (ref. 2257). The document contents include:
“…. In a first section, seven basic concepts that make up a NMT-friendly neighborhood are described in a concise manner, and images of how they have been implemented all around the world are provided as examples. On a second section, a case study of applying those concepts on a real neighborhood development project is presented (….)”
Only 43 pages long, the document is attractively presented and worth reading. You can find it here.
2254 – Netherlands, Piet Rietveld 2001, “Biking and walking – the position of NMT modes in transport systems”, Tinbergen Institute
2257 – Fang, Ke. 2013. Urban design manual for non-motorized transport friendly neighborhoods. Washington DC ; World Bank