Criticism of current standards

The authors Broeren, Uittenbogerd, Groot, Ruijs gave a paper at the ISHGD 2015 (5th International symposium on highway geometric design). The paper has the title “Insight in horizontal curves – fundamental research on behalf of the update of the Dutch road design guidelines”. Even before they get into their detailed discussion the authors make some interesting comments, for example: Continue reading

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Parameters (1) – fundamental parameters

I discussed the idea of many parameters in highway geometrics, in other blog posts, for example here and here.

There are many different parameters involved in the design of a highway. So far I have a list of more than 230, and I am still adding to it. Some parameters are related to and perhaps derived from others – so for example, differential speed is related to if not also derived from design speed.

If we can use the idea of “relationships” to give a structure to the many design parameters, it may be possible to get a better understanding of what we are doing. In theory we could arrange the different parameters into several layers of detail (1st level parameters, 2nd level parameters, 3rd …, 4th …. etc). But the first question is to state what the fundamental parameters are. At the present time I would suggest there are seven (possibly eight) :
1 Road type
2 Vehicle type
3 Road users
4 Geometrics
5 Geography
6 Economics
7 Engineering
8 Aesthetics (?)

Maybe brief notes on each of these parameters could take the discussion further.

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Road design standards

A new version of the “Road design standards” document has just been made available. It covers 79 countries, 7 multi-country standards and 3 special topics. For more details visit the Road Design Standards website.

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Ireland and document libraries

Ireland’s “Transport Infrastructure Ireland (TII) “is responsible for managing and improving the country’s national road and light rail networks”. TII has just (June 2016) launched a publications website, which offers access to documents such as standard cross-sections.

The country’s Department of Transport, Tourism  and Sport (DTTAS) has its own publications website, whilst the National Transport Authority (NTA) also makes available documents for download. Maybe these three sources could be merged into a single, searchable library sometime.

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Hot weather stops trains

Hot weather in southern England recently forced the cancellation of a number of train services. Basically it seems the track designers did not design the tracks to take the temperatures which have been experienced this year, leading to greater than expected extension of the rails, and so to rail buckling.

Higher temperatures may be a permanent feature of the UK climate. If so, it looks like rail tracks may have a long-term design problem, and one which would take a large amount of money to put right. Other infrastructure might have a  similar problem. For example, perhaps structural engineers have similarly under-designed the expansion joints in bridges.

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New urban road cross-sections tool

Abu Dhabi’s Urban Planning Council has made available online a very useful tool for planning the cross-sections of urban roads. The Abu Dhabi Urban Street and Utility Design Tool is available in French, English and Arabic.

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New way of reducing train delays

Following a series of complaints about massive delays in their train services, a UK company has come up with a new way of solving the problem – cancel some of the services. If the idea catches on rail services may eventally be able to guarantee 100% punctuality by running no trains at all.

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Road design – road types

In recent posts I have discussed the idea of the “technical environment” for road design. One of the seven technical factors which I suggest describe this environment is “road type”.  Continue reading

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Road design – the vehicle environment

veh 02This is the third of three posts which refer to the presentation by Dr. John Rolt of the UK’s TRL (ref. 2211). In the previous post, I said that

“It is easy to read through a document with road design standards, check out the values for a particular design parameter such as gradient, and then start to design the road. However the first steps should be to decide the technical environment in which the planned road finds itself”.

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Road design – the technical environment

This is the second of three posts which refer to the presentation by Dr. John Rolt of the UK’s TRL (ref. 2211).

Discussion

It is easy to read through a document with road design standards, check out the values for a particular design parameter such as gradient, and then start to design the road. However the first steps should be to decide the technical environment in which the planned road finds itself.  Continue reading

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